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萨特:《辩证理性批判》

ate萨特:《辩证理性批判》

Jean-Paul Sarte
The Search for Method (1st part)
Introduction to Critique of Dialectical Reason
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Written: 1960
Source: Existentialism from Dostoyevsky to Sartre
Translator: Hazel Barnes
Publisher: Vintage Books
Transcribed: Andy Blunden
HTML Markup: Andy Blunden
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I. Marxism & Existentialism
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PHILOSOPHY appears to some people as a homogeneous milieu: there thoughts are born and die, there systems are built, and there, in turn, they collapse. Others take Philosophy for a specific attitude which we can freely adopt at will. Still others see it as a determined segment of culture. In our view Philosophy does not exist. In whatever form we consider it, this shadow of science, this Gray Eminence of humanity, is only a hypostatised abstraction. Actually, there are philosophies. Or rather-for you would never at the same time find more than one living philosophy-under certain well-defined circumstances a philosophy is developed for the purpose of giving expression to the general movement of the society. So long as a philosophy is alive, it serves as a cultural milieu for its contemporaries. This disconcerting object presents itself at the same time under profoundly distinct aspects, the unification of which it is continually effecting.